Arranging the Heirloom / Open Pollinated
No one plan or arrangement for a Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable Garden can
suit all conditions. Each vegetable gardener must plan to
meet his own problem. Careful planning will
lessen the work of gardening and increase the
returns from the labor. Planting Vegetable Seeds and
plants at random always results in waste and
disappointment. Suggestions for planning a Vegetable
garden are here presented with the idea that
they can be changed to suit the individual Vegetable
The first consideration is whether the Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable Garden
is to be in one unit or in two. With two plots,
lettuce, radishes, beets, spinach, and other vegetables
requiring little space are grown in a
small kitchen vegetable garden, and potatoes, sweet corn,
pumpkins, melons, and other vegetables requiring
more room are planted in a separate patch,
as between young-orchard-tree rows or in other
areas where conditions are especially suitable
for their culture.
The cultivation methods to be employed are
important in planning the Heirloom / Open Pollinated vegetable garden. When the
work is to be done mainly with a garden tractor,
the site and the arrangement should be
such as to give the longest practicable rows.
On slopes of more than 1½ percent, especially
on light-textured soil, the rows should extend
across the slope at right angles, or on the contours
where the land is uneven. The Heirloom / Open Pollinated vegetable garden
should be free from paths across the rows, and
turning spaces of 10 to 12 feet should be provided
at the ends. The rows for small growing vegetable garden
crops may be closer together for hand cultivation
than for cultivation with power equipment.
Any great variation in the composition of the
soil within the Heirloom / Open Pollinated vegetable garden should be taken into consideration when deciding on where to plant
various vegetable garden crops. If part of the land is low and
moist, such vegetable garden crops as celery, onions, and late
cucumbers should be placed there. If part is
high, warm, and dry, that is the proper spot for
early vegetable garden crops, especially those needing a soil that
warms up quickly.
Permanent Heirloom / Open Pollinated vegetable garden crops, such as asparagus and rhubarb, should be planted where they will not interfere
with the annual plowing of the Heirloom / Open Pollinated vegetable garden
and the cultivation of the annual crops. If a hotbed,
a coldframe, or a special seedbed is provided,
it should be either in one corner of, or
outside, of the vegetable garden.
Tall-growing Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable Garden crops should be planted where
they will not shade or interfere with the growth
of smaller vegetable garden crops. There seems to be little choice
as to whether the rows do or do not run in a
general east-and-west or in a general north-and south
direction, but the row in your Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable Garden should conform to the contours of the land.
Succession of Crops in the
Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable Garden
Except in dry land areas, all Heirloom / Open Pollinated vegetable garden space
should be kept fully occupied throughout the gardening
growing season. In the South, this means the
greater part of the year. In fact, throughout the
South Atlantic and Gulf coast regions it is possible
to have vegetables growing in the garden
every month of the year.
In arranging the Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable garden, all early-maturing vegetable garden crops may be grouped so that as soon as one
vegetable garden crop is removed another garden takes its place. It is
desirable, however, to follow a vegetable garden not with
another of its kind, but with an unrelated vegetable crop.
For example, early Heirloom / Open Pollinated peas or beans can very
properly be followed by late Heirloom / Open Pollinated cabbage, celery,
carrots, or beets; early Heirloom / Open Pollinated corn or potatoes can be
followed by fall Heirloom / Open Pollinated turnips or spinach. It is not always
necessary to wait until the early vegetable garden is
entirely removed; a later vegetable garden may be planted
between the rows of the early crop for example,
Heirloom / Open Pollinated sweet corn between potato rows. Vegetable garden crops
subject to attack by the same diseases and insects
should not follow each other.
In the extreme North, where the season is
relatively short, there is very little opportunity
for succession cropping. In dry land areas, intercropping
generally is not feasible, because
of limited moisture supply. Therefore, plenty
of land should be provided to accommodate the
desired range and volume of Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable garden crops.
Late Summer and Fall Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable Garden
Although Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable Gardening is commonly considered
a spring and early-summer enterprise, the late summer
and fall Heirloom / Open Pollinated Vegetable Garden deserves attention too.
Second and third plantings of vegetable garden crops adapted to
growing late in the season not only provide a
supply of fresh garden vegetables for the latter part of
the season but often give better products for
canning, freezing, and storing. Late grown Heirloom / Open Pollinated snap
and lima beans and spinach, for example, are
well adapted to freezing and canning; Heirloom / Open Pollinated beets,
carrots, celery, and turnips, to storage. In the
South, the late autumn Heirloom / Open Pollinated vegetable garden is as important
as the early autumn one.