Q. I’m in Southern California, and it is HOT here, I’m looking for some heat tolerant greens. I saw you have the Malabar Spinach and that’s supposed to be pretty good for zone 9/10… Do you have any recommendations of heat tolerant varieties lettuce, spinach, cucumbers etc. Anything else you can recommend based on what you’ve seen growing in your garden?
A. Thank you for your patience in awaiting the list. 🙂 We took your requested varieties and expanded our search, deciding to make it a topic to share with all customers who live in extreme heat areas. Thank you for sparking this research! Below the lists, we also have added some links to articles you may find helpful, and some tips that are helpful when gardening in high heat. We hope you find this helpful. May God bless your gardening efforts!
Cucumbers that tend to do better in the heat are:
For lettuces, the most heat tolerant varieties we have are(but should still be planted outside the hottest part of the year in extreme heat climates) :
The other greens that do well( a couple of them you already know) are:
- Malabar Spinach(a climber, so make sure to trellis or plant near a fence)
- New Zealand Spinach
- Swiss Chard
- Mustard Greens – especially Green Wave (known for doing well in extreme heat)
- Collard Greens
Herbs that do well in the heat are:
- Basil ( see all our many basil varieties here)
- Summer Savory
Pole beans also do better than most beans in the heat:
Cowpeas do well in hot climates:
Okra loves heat, having originated in Ethiopia:
Eggplant does great in the heat, as well, coming from Asia and India where eggplant is the basis of many delicious recipes:
Tomatoes like heat, too, but some varieties don’t set fruit in higher heat conditions. These varieties tend to handle more extreme heat better:
- Arkansas Traveler
- Black Cherry
- Black Krim
- Brandywine Pink
- Cherokee Purple
- Mule Team
- Oregon Spring
- Super Sioux
Radishes can tend to do well in high heat, varieties that are known to be heat tolerant are:
Some beets stand well in more heat:
Many gardeners in extremely hot climates find summer squash/zucchini don’t do well in the high heat. A trick to try is growing moschata winter squash varieties and harvesting them early as a summer squash. You can also use the young leaves and shoot tips of squash for cooking greens. A great variety of winter squash to use as a summer squash is:
For veggies that love heat and all varieties should do well, we recommend:
- lima/butter beans
- peppers: both hot and sweet/bell(for best sweet pepper try California Wonder or Sweet Banana)
- melons, both cantaloupe and watermelons(particularly Crimson Sweet Watermelon. Keep the plants evenly moist but don’t overwater especially when the fruits are ripening. Too much water will dilute the sugars, making the melons bland.)
Other tips that are important for the heat of Summer, most especially in regions with the hottest summers are:
- Keep soil moist by mulching. A few inches of bark chip, wood chip, pine needles, or leaf mulch bagged in autumn are all good organic choices for feeding the soil as well as conserving water.
- Vegetables are thirsty, so water regularly yet deeply. Also, water in the early morning or evening to avoid condensation loss at hotter times of day.
- Remove competition for water by weeding regularly.
- Don’t overstimulate plant growth by fertilizing during hot weather. Plant roots won’t be able to support the foliage.
6 thoughts on “Heirloom Seed Varieties for Extreme Heat Conditions”
Thank you for the great info for southern gardens, i’m just getting started!! God bless!
The Diva cucumber also does very well in extreme heat. I have also had luck with the jarrahdale pumpkin!
Wanted to thank you for the wonderful service. Received my order in just a couple of days. Also thank you for the free gift.
Molokhia is a green very popular in the mid east. Also try lamb’s quarter. Oregano, green onions, mint family all have done well taking care of themselves reseeding and coming up again in triple digit dry conditions. The lambs quarter is the only leafy green that survives heat where I am. If you can get a grape vine to grow you can use grape leaves in cooking.
Study what people have been growing in conditions like you have. In the SW, Mexico, mid east, Greece, Sicily, north Africa, Iran, India, etc. My guess is you don’t have a lot of water to work with so whatever hot dry places like yours have had success with.
This article is great! It would be wonderful if you could publish an article like this for extreme heat and drought for perennial flowers, zone 9. We are in Central Florida, with 10 acres, and it gets discouraging to keep trying plants and failing. All areas with irrigation are completely landscaped, however we have a large pond that we are now able to enjoy. We are in the process of removing the invasive wild grape vines, and would like some flowers that are not toxic to fish. The banks of the pond are quite high, so drainage is not an issue. We don’t plant lower near the water because of the increase and decrease of the water depth with our droughts and hurricane rains.